Tracking Technology

What to track

  1. Stock and Asset
  2. Vehicles
  3. Animals
  4. Human
    1. Children and Sr Citizen
    2. Workers

How to track

GIS (Graphical Information Systems)

GPS (Global Positioning System)

  1. There are 27 earth-orbiting satellites
  2. Good for large scale tracking outdoor such as trucks tracking

RFID (Radio Frequency Identification)

  1. Suitable for the low scale and use indoor
  2. There are 2 types of RFID
    1. Passive TAG
    2. Active TAG (with batteries)


Wireless LAN

RF frequency  2.4 GHz or 5 GHz

Bluetooth BLE

  1. The tags commicate their location to a central access point such as
    1. LoRa
    2. LTE-M
    3. WiFi
    4. Ethernet
  2. Distance detection around 50m

Cell ID

Machine Learning (Image Processing)

Parameter to consider

  1. Tracking scale

Case Study

  1. Park to track the human or animals